One of the most beautiful regions of Romania
Maramureș is a unique location in the geographical heartland of Europe, land of wooden churches, mythological richness, impressive landscapes, carefully preserving the culture, traditions, and lifestyle of immemorial peasant past. With more than 500 monuments, museums and collections, part of the local cultural heritage, including a newly set up circuit of wooden churches with 8 of them part of the UNESCO World Heritage Patrimony, Maramureș is proudly emerging as a region where traditions and religion are part of the everyday life. Customs have survived over the centuries, especially in the villages, where the community still wears traditional handmade costumes on daily basis, enjoying social village meetings and celebrations.
Nature lovers will enjoy the mountainous landscapes and breath-taking valleys, as Maramureș is part of the northern chain of the Oriental Carpathian Mountains and the plateau of Transylvania, counting one natural park of national interest, 9 “Natura 2000” sites and 34 nature protected areas.
First archaeological evidence points to the Neolithic age, but the first written attestation of Maramureș was in 1199 within a diploma issued by the King of Hungary.
By the end of the middle ages, Maramures was under Hungarian rule and later Habsburg dynasty until the 1848 revolution. In 1918, Maramureș was re-united with the re-shaped Romania. The following decades were marked by the Second World War, the Nazi occupation and later by the communist regime. Although, these hardships, genuine art and folk traditions continued to flourish in Maramureș.
Description of the Coat of Arms of Maramureș County – Officially adopted in 1998, the coat of arms of Maramureș has the shape of a cut shield, with the wisent head as an ancient local symbol of the legendary founders of Maramures, Dragoş and Bogdan. The Carpathian Chamonix and the fir trees symbolize the natural resources of the area, while the mining gauge symbolizes the importance of the mining sector in the area. Centrally positioned, the wooden church comes to prove that our county has the largest number of wooden churches in the country.
Maramureș in figures
2434Area (Square Kilometers)
3018GDP (Millions US$ - 2015)
Maramureș is located in the northwestern part of Romania, bordering Ukraine and covers an area of 6304.4 sq. km (2.6% of the Romania’s territory), being a medium sized county at national level. It is a predominantly hilly and mountainous area with heights ranging from 200 m to 2308 m.
The county’s population is rated to approx. 500,000 inhabitants (representative minorities: Hungarian and Ukrainian). At an administrative level it has two municipalities: Baia Mare (county seat) and Sighetu Marmației, 11 towns and 63 communes.
The county is located 625 km from Bucharest – the capital of Romania, closely connected with the Hungarian border (75 km by car) and providing good air connection by Maramureș International Airport, recently certified at EASA standards.
Maramureș county has road and railway links with the neighboring counties and main cities of Romania. The length of public roads totals of 1783 km, 365 km are national range while the rest of 1418 km are county and communal roads.